Hello, Market Wrap readers! During the final two weeks of 2021, we’re using this space to recap this year’s most dramatic moments in cryptocurrency markets – and highlight the key lessons from this fast-evolving corner of global finance. Over a series of eight posts starting on Dec. 20 and running through Dec. 30, we’ll recap what shook crypto markets this year. (For the latest crypto prices and news headlines, please scroll down.)
In our first episode today, we show how, even as bitcoin’s price soared in the early days of the year, some savvy institutional investors were already growing cautious on cryptocurrencies after a wave of buying during the fourth quarter of 2020.
Bitcoin (BTC) started 2021 on a strong note, gaining nearly 40% during the first week of January and surging to a new all-time high around $40,000.
But not everyone was convinced the rally could be sustained.
Retail traders piled in, while some institutional investors started to raise concerns about rampant speculation.
As early as December, Jeff Dorman, chief investment officer at crypto asset management firm Arca, had told CoinDesk that there is a good chance that actively managed hedge funds and passive indexes built around high allocations to bitcoin have a very short shelf life.
Indeed, a few funds established bitcoin positions but did not hold on for dear life – a commonly misconstrued back-formation of the crypto-jargon term HODL, which originally appeared as a fast-typing (or maybe drunk?) person’s attempt to type the world hold.
Bitcoin quickly advanced from $30,000 to $40,000 within the first five trading days of January – an impressive gain that fueled even more market excitement. The sharp price rise in BTC contributed to a $1.1 billion profit for Ruffer Investments, a U.K. based investment management firm, in just five months. By June, Ruffer stated that a speculative frenzy in cryptocurrencies forced the firm to exit its bets on further gains.
And Ruffer was not alone in its concern about market exuberance. Volatile price swings caused other institutional investors to doubt a prolonged crypto rally.
Sure enough, by the end of January, bitcoin had declined about 30% from a January high of near $40,000. Shortly after the price drop, Scott Minerd, chief investment officer at the Guggenheim global investment firm, said he didn’t believe bitcoin’s investor base was big enough or deep enough to keep prices at current levels.
Right now, the reality of the institutional demand that would support a $35,000 price or even a $30,000 price is just not there, he said.
At the same time, a JPMorgan analyst said a bearish outlook could be triggered if bitcoin failed to claw its way back over $40,000, leading to steeper losses over the ensuing weeks.
Demand from institutional investors was said to have been the cause for the astronomical rise of the top cryptocurrency by market capitalization in the fourth quarter of 2020, when Paul Tudor Jones, Stanley Druckenmiller and MicroStrategy said they had jumped into the market.
As coming installments of this series will show, the rest of 2021 would be defined by market-moving tweets from electric-vehicle billionaire Elon Musk, rapid price rallies in barely-heard-of alternative cryptocurrencies, a fresh wave of corporate buy-in to the legitimacy and potential of digital assets, plenty more moments of extreme volatility – and, eventually, a new all-time high of around $69,000.
(As of 21:00 coordinated universal time, or 4 p.m. ET)
- Bitcoin (BTC): $47,080, +0.5%
- Ether (ETH): $3,936, +0.3%
- S&P 500: -1.1%
- Gold: $1,790, -0.8%
- 10-year Treasury yield closed at 1.424%, up 0.017 percentage point
- Digital Asset Funds Hit by Record $142 Million of Outflows
- Gear Technologies Raises $12M to Boost Smart-Contract Development on Polkadot
- JPMorgan to Develop Payment Blockchain System For Siemens: Report
- Eqonex CEO Steps Down Amid Talks of Potential Merger Options
- FTX US Scores Deal With Owner of Washington Wizards, Capitals in Bid to Expand DC Presence
- Ether Call Demand Signals Anticipation of Year-End Rally
- Fantom DeFi Project Grim Finance Exploited for $30M
Here are the biggest gainers and losers among the CoinDesk 20 digital assets, over the past 24 hours:
|Stellar||XLM||+0.5%||Smart Contract Platform|
|Algorand||ALGO||?4.7%||Smart Contract Platform|
|Cosmos||ATOM||?3.5%||Smart Contract Platform|
Sector classifications are provided via the Digital Asset Classification Standard (DACS), developed by CoinDesk Indices to provide a reliable, comprehensive and standardized classification system for digital assets. The CoinDesk 20 is a ranking of the largest digital assets by volume on trusted exchanges.